December 30, This day during the American Civil War

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December 30, 1862 – in Jefferson, Tennessee – On December 29, Maj. Gen. Joseph Wheeler led several Confederate regiments on a raid around the flank and rear of the entire Union army. Around midnight, the Confederate rode out the Lebanon pike for 5 miles, then turned to the north towards Jefferson. On December 30, Wheeler’s raiders entered Jefferson. They captured a Union wagon train containing 20 wagons. The Confederates burned all of them. They then rode out of town, headed to another objective.Once there, they captured and burned a Union wagon train and captured and paroled 800 Federals. The train consisted of 300 wagons loaded with army stores and estimated a worth of $1,000,000.

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December 30, This day during the American Civil War

mwh52 - nominated as the most influential blog

December 30, 1862 – in New Haven, Kentucky – On December 30, Col. John H. Morgan and his Confederate raiders, consisting of three companies of the Confederate 9th Kentucky Cavalry (approximately 225 men) and one howitzer from Morgan’s artillery battery, had been sent to destroy the bridge across the Rolling Fork River at New Haven. When they entered New Haven, the Confederates encountered Company H of the 78th Illinois Infantry (with the regimental field and staff – approximately 95 men). The Federals were guarding a stockade at the time. They demanded the surrender of the fort (Fort Allen) and when it was refused they tried to shell the Union out of the stockade. The 12 lb howitzer they had could not do the job and the Confederates attacked on foot and horseback – but were driven back by heavy musketry with at least 3 wounded. They left and met up…

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December 30, This day during the American Civil War

mwh52 - nominated as the most influential blog

December 30, 1862 – in Blountsville, Virginia – On December 30, Brig. Gen. Samuel P. Carter and his Union raiders had reached Blountsville by dawn. They captured the town’s military hospital and captured and paroled 30 Confederate prisoners. Carter gathered up his raiders and then started out for Union, which was to the east of Blountsville.

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December 30, This day during the American Civil War

mwh52 - nominated as the most influential blog

December 30, 1862 – in Carter’s Depot, Tennessee – On December 30, Brig. Gen. Samuel P. Carter and a portion(150 men) of his brigade of Union raiders headed off to Carter’s Depot, also known as Carter’s Station. The depot was 10 miles south of Union. It had a significant railroad landmark and stood at the northern end of the 400ft-long Watauga Bridge. Carter’s Depot was a major refueling and telegraph stop on the railroad line. A company of the 62nd North Carolina Infantry (130 men), commanded by Col. Robert G.A. Love, were responsible for the defense of the depot.When Carter’s men entered town, they met the Confederates. A brief skirmish took place in the late afternoon between the two sides. The end of the fight came when a Union cavalry charge broke the Confederates center. This collapse of the line forced the Confederates to retreat.Carter ordered his men to soak…

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December 30, This Day during the World War ll

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December 30, 1944 – The Battle of Pearl Ridge was a battle of the Second World War fought between Australian and Japanese forces on Bougainville Island. Part of the wider Bougainville Campaign, the battle took place in the central sector of the island, shortly after the Australians had taken over responsibility from the Americans. Believing that the ridge was held by less than a company of Japanese, on 30 December the Australian 25th Battalion launched a four-pronged attacked the ridge. The defending force, however, had been greatly reinforced and was closer to a battalion in strength. After being held up on the right of their advance, the Australians dug in overnight and repulsed a strong Japanese counterattack before resuming the attack on 31 December. By late in the afternoon, the Japanese had been swept off the ridge. Believing that the ridge was held by two understrength companies from the Japanese…

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December 30, This Day during the World War ll

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December 30, 1941 – Operation Crusader was a military operation by the British Eighth Army between 18 November–30 December 1941 during the Second World War. The operation successfully relieved the 1941 Siege of Tobruk. The Eighth Army’s initial plan to destroy the Axis armoured force before advancing its infantry came apart when, after a number of inconclusive engagements, the British 7th Armoured Division were heavily defeated by the Afrika Korps at Sidi Rezegh. Lieutenant General Erwin Rommel’s subsequent advance of his armoured divisions to the Axis fortress positions on the Egyptian border failed to find the main body of the Allied infantry, which had bypassed the fortresses and headed for Tobruk, so Rommel had to withdraw his armoured units to support the fighting at Tobruk. Despite achieving some tactical successes at Tobruk, the need to preserve his remaining forces prompted Rommel to withdraw his army to the defensive line at…

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December 30, This Day during the World War ll

mwh52 - nominated as the most influential blog

December 30, 1941 – The Battle of Kampar was an engagement of the Malayan Campaign during World War II, involving British and Indian troops from the 11th Indian Infantry Division and the Japanese 5th Division. On 27 December, in an effort to prevent the capture of RAF Kuala Lumpur, the 11th Indian Infantry Division occupied Kampar, which offered a strong natural defensive position. In doing so they were also tasked with delaying the advancing Japanese troops long enough to allow the 9th Indian Infantry Division to withdraw from the east coast. The Japanese intended to capture Kampar as a New Year’s gift to Emperor Hirohito and on 30 December the Japanese began surrounding the British and Indian positions. The following day fighting commenced. Nevertheless, the Allied forces were able to hold on for four days before withdrawing on 2 January 1942, having achieved their objective of slowing the Japanese advance…

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