August 24, 1943 – This Day During World War ll – Aircraft (VC 13) from escort carrier Core (CVE-13) sink German submarine U-185

August 24, 1943 – Aircraft (VC 13) from escort carrier Core (CVE-13) sink German submarine U-185 southwest of the Azores.
German submarine U-185 was a Type IXC/40 U-boat of Nazi Germany’s Kriegsmarine built for service during World War II
After U-604 was scuttled, U-185 headed for home, with 100 men crammed aboard a U-boat designed for 54. On 16 August she transferred 23 men to U-172. Short of fuel, U-185 was heading for a rendezvous with U-847 south-west of the Azores on the morning of 24 August. The U-boat was spotted by a Grumman TBF-1 Avenger and Grumman F4F Wildcat attack team of Squadron VC-13, flying from the escort carrier USS Core. The aircraft attacked with machine guns and depth charges, killing the U-boat’s lookouts and AA crew and rupturing the pressure hull, allowing seawater to reach the battery cells and produce toxic chlorine gas. One diesel engine caught fire, producing more fumes, and all electrical systems were knocked out, plunging the vessel into darkness.
Realizing that the situation was hopeless, Maus ordered all hands to abandon ship. More than 40 men managed to reach the deck and jump into the sea as U-185 sank. Only 36 men were later rescued by the destroyer USS Barker, the rest succumbing to wounds or chlorine poisoning. The 25 men from U-185 and the nine survivors from U-604 spent the following three years as POWs before returning to Germany.

U-185 sinking after being hit by US depth charges, 24 August 1943

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