July 31, 1864 – This Day During The American Civil War – The Battle of Fort Smith

July 31, 1864 – The Battle of Fort Smith was a small battle fought in western Arkansas during the American Civil War.
In the wake of the failed Union Camden Expedition, areas of Arkansas lay prone to Confederate raids against Union outposts. One such raid occurred against a Union camp at Massard Prairie on July 27, 1864. Confederate General Richard Gano won a victory there, which encouraged further operations.
Several days later Gano’s superior, General Douglas H. Cooper, led a Confederate division several miles north to Fort Smith. Cooper’s force consisted of Gano’s brigade and General Stand Watie’s brigade. Gano took position along the Indian Territory side of the Poteau River while Watie moved up from the south on the Arkansas side. General John M. Thayer commanded the town’s defenses with three brigades. Watie’s men made first contact with the 6th Kansas Cavalry of Colonel William R. Judson’s Union brigade. Judson’s men fell back from Fort No. 2 along the Texas Road, alerting the rest of the Union garrison of the Confederate arrival. Cooper’s men began to shell the fort. Thayer responded by sending forward units from Colonel James M. Williams’ brigade, including the 6th Kansas Colored Infantry and two howitzers from the 2nd Kansas Battery. The Union artillery proved superior and soon drove off the Confederate artillery and the supporting cavalry. Cooper ordered a withdrawal, leaving snipers behind to cover the retreat.
Cooper took with him approximately $130,000 worth of Union arms and supplies.

The Battle of Fort Smith

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