December 31, 1862 – This Day During The American Civil War – John McCreath Farquhar Medal of Honor recipient (April 17, 1832 – April 24, 1918) was a United States Representative from New York and a recipient of the United States military’s highest decoration, the Medal of Honor.
During the Civil War, Farquhar enlisted from Chicago, Illinois, into the Union Army on August 9, 1862, as a private in Company B of the 89th Illinois Volunteer Infantry Regiment. He was promoted to Sergeant Major and, on December 31, 1862, earned the Medal of Honor at the Battle of Stones River, Tennessee.
Sergeant Major Farquhar’s official Medal of Honor citation reads:
When a break occurred on the extreme right wing of the Army of the Cumberland, this soldier rallied fugitives from other commands, and deployed his own regiment, thereby checking the Confederate advance until a new line was established.