December 25, THIS DAY IN AMERICAN HISTORY

mwh52 - nominated as the most influential blog

December 25, 1868 – U.S. President Andrew Johnson grants unconditional pardon to all Civil War Confederate soldiers Northern anger over the assassination of Lincoln and the immense human cost of the war led to vengeful demands for harsh policies. Vice President Andrew Johnson had taken a hard line and spoke of hanging rebel Confederates, but when he succeeded Lincoln as President, Johnson took a much softer line, pardoning many Confederate leaders and former Confederates. Jefferson Davis was held in prison for two years, but other Confederate leaders were not. There were no treason trials. Only one person—Captain Henry Wirz, the commandant of the prison camp in Andersonville, Georgia—was executed for war crimes. According to historian Eric Foner, Andrew Johnson’s conservative view of Reconstruction did not include blacks or former slaves involvement in government and he refused to heed Northern concerns when southern state legislatures implemented Black Codes that lowered the…

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nominated as the most influential blog
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