October 31 This Day During The Korean War

October 31, 1950 – Goyang Geumjeong Cave Massacre was a massacre conducted by the police officers of Goyang Police Station of the South Korean Police under the commanding of head of Goyang police station between 9 October 1950 and 31 October 1950 of 150 or over 153 unarmed citizens in Goyang, Gyeonggi-do district of South Korea. After the victory of the Second Battle of Seoul, South Korean police arrested and killed people and their families who they suspected had been sympathizers during North Korean rule. During the massacre, South Korean Police conducted Namyangju Massacre in Namyangju near Goyang. In 1995, the 153 victims bodies were excavated by their families. In June 2006, the Truth and Reconciliation Commission demanded that the South Korean government apologize and erect a monument for the victims. However, the government did not show intentions to follow through on the TRCK recommendation. In 2007, Truth and Reconciliation Commission again demanded that the government apologize, provide compensation, and erect a memorial for the victims, however, they still refused. This act was known as the Banning’s Act, however, the government continued to ignore the TRCK recommendation. Truth and Reconciliation Commission also clarified most of the victims had no relation to rebels, and the victims included 8 teenagers and 7 women. On November 28, 2011, the Seoul central court ordered the South Korean government to apologize, pay reparations, and found a memorial to the victims’ families. 

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