October 22 This Day During World War ll

October 22, 1942 – HMS Orfasy was torpedoed and sunk by the German submarine U-68 off Freetown, Sierra Leone, British West Africa. German submarine U-68 was a Type IXC U-boat of the German Kriegsmarine during World War II. The submarine was laid down on 20 April 1940 at the AG Weser yard at Bremen as ‘werk’ 987, launched on 22 October and commissioned on 1 January 1941 under the command of Korvettenkapitän Karl-Friedrich Merten as part of the 2. Unterseebootsflottille. 68 conducted ten combat patrols, sinking 32 merchant ships, for a total of 197,453 gross register tons (GRT); she also sank one auxiliary warship of 545 GRT. She was a member of one wolfpack. The boat returned to her most successful hunting ground – the South Atlantic. In another mammoth patrol (107 days), she sank four more ships. One of them, the Norwegian tanker Litiopa, had numerous torpedoes and rounds from the deck gun fired at her, but stubbornly refused to succumb. Having been initially encountered at night on 225 October 1943, it was not until the following day that she sank.The Litiopa’s sole escort was the mine-sweeping trawler HMS Orfasy. She was sunk relatively easily on 22 October before the attack on the tanker.


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